Research Work

Research and experimental development (R&D) include creative work undertaken on a systematic basis in order to increase the set of knowledge, including knowledge of man, culture and society, and the use of this stock of knowledge to develop new applications. It is used to create or confirm facts, reaffirm the results of previous work, solve new or existing problems, support theorems, or develop new theories.

A research project may also be an extension on past work in the field. To test the validity of research may duplicate elements of prior projects, or the project as a whole. There are many forms of research: scientific, humanities, artistic, economic, social, business, marketing, practitioner research, etc. Here we are targeting on research works related to Information Technology. We identify the problem in the existing work done in different domains and we guide to find the solutions for the found problems

Steps in Conducting Research

Research is often conducted using the hourglass model structure of research. The hourglass model starts with a broad spectrum for research, focusing in on the required information through the method of the project (like the neck of the hourglass), then expands the research in the form of discussion and results. The major steps in conducting research are:

  • Identification of research problem
  • Literature review
  • Specifying the purpose of research
  • Determine specific research questions or hypotheses
  • Data collection
  • Analyzing and interpreting the data
  • Reporting and evaluating research

The steps generally represent the overall process; however they should be viewed as an ever-changing process rather than a fixed set of steps. Most researches begin with a general statement of the problem, or rather, the purpose for engaging in the study. The literature review identifies flaws or holes in previous research which provides justification for the study. Often, a literature review is conducted in a given subject area before a research question is identified. A gap in the current literature, as identified by a researcher, then engenders a research question. The research question may be parallel to the hypothesis. The hypothesis is the supposition to be tested. The researcher(s) collects data to test the hypothesis. The researcher(s) then analyzes and interprets the data via a variety of statistical methods, engaging in what is known as Empirical research. The results of the data analysis in confirming or failing to reject the Null hypothesis are then reported and evaluated. At the end the researcher may discuss avenues for further research.

Guidance for the Research Work in the following Domains:

  • Data Mining
  • Cloud Computing
  • Image Processing
  • Mobile Ad hoc Network
  • Cryptography and Security
  • Wireless Sensor Network
  • Underwater Sensing Networks and Much More..